鸢尾花:起源,含义,象征主义,颜色和护理提示。

鸢尾花是一种受欢迎的礼物花,因其诱人的颜色和独特的结构而受到高度重视。这些多年生开花的多年生植物非常适合增亮室内和室外区域,因其多功能性而获得更多认可。鸢尾花还有一个有趣的故事,可以讲述并保持自己独特的象征意义和起源故事。继续阅读,我们将分享有关鸢尾花含义,象征意义,历史,起源,流行品种等的所有信息。

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鸢尾花的历史和起源 

鸢尾花的历史和起源

虹膜或科学上称为“虹膜”。是下的开花植物的最大属。 鸢尾科植物家庭. One of the most popular perennials that grow from bulbs or rhizomes, 虹膜es are widely cultivated across the globe as ornamentals in home and commercial gardens. 

但是鸢尾花最初来自哪里?一些报道指出,鸢尾花种植起源于图特摩斯三世国王征服叙利亚的埃及,大约在公元前1749年。当时,叙利亚是许多鸢尾花的故乡,狂热的园丁图特摩斯三世国王对这些花朵的美丽着迷。他通过在卡纳克(Karnak)的阿蒙神庙(Temple)和埃及花园中的雕塑使鸢尾花永生。 

鸢尾花在医学和芳香疗法中的用途:

早期的印度和埃及人对鸢尾花的药用价值和制造香水的价值很高。尤其是这些香水被用作向神献祭。 

通过 the 19th century, 虹膜es played a vital part in the history of Florence, Italy. Dried rhizomes of this plant were so popular such that the 虹膜 flower became the emblem of the city. This tradition carried on for centuries. 

虹膜: 皇家绽放

鸢尾花作为法国皇室的著名象征“鸢尾花”被列入皇家横幅。克洛维斯一世国王(第一位法兰克国王)在500年代初改信基督教时就采用鸢尾花作为象征。 1147年,路易七世国王也将紫色虹膜用于他的形象。 Fleurs-de-lis被革命者摧毁,这是法国大革命期间他们对君主专制国家的愤怒的象征。 

在 England, Edward III used three fleurs-de-lis to his coat of arms in 1376. Also, a famous painting of Elizabeth I of England presents the queen in a gown embroidered with 虹膜 flowers. 

Orris roots, the roots of 虹膜es, were also recognized in Germany for helping keep the beer fresh. 

The bearded 虹膜 flower (Iris germanica) is the official state cultivated flower of Tennessee. The well-known symbol fleur-de-lis, which took inspiration from the 虹膜 flower, is New Orleans’ emblem. 


鸢尾花的类型

鸢尾花的类型

鸢尾花展示了从春季到初夏的惊人花朵。虹膜拥有200多种已知物种和不计其数的品种,可提供从最流行的紫色和蓝色到白​​色,黄色,粉红色,红色,橙色,棕色和黑色的多种颜色。 

Generally, 虹膜es can be classified into two groups: bulb 虹膜es and rhizome 虹膜es. But how do these two distinct types differ? To put it simply, bulb 虹膜es grow from bulbs while rhizome 虹膜es grow from rhizomes.

灯泡虹膜

灯泡状虹膜或球状虹膜通常在花开后就处于休眠状态。它们也比根茎型虹膜小,并且产生较小的花朵。最受欢迎的两种鳞茎虹膜是荷兰虹膜和网纹虹膜。 

荷兰鸢尾花:

荷兰鸢尾灯泡

荷兰虹膜可能是最常见的灯泡型虹膜。植物种类被称为虹膜鸢尾或虹膜x荷兰,实际上是一组包括西班牙鸢尾在内的几种鸢尾的杂种。荷兰鸢尾花是许多花店和花艺爱好者的最爱,在传统的花店或鸢尾花插花中很常见。

网纹鸢尾花:

网纹鸢尾灯泡

网纹鸢尾花,也称为网状鸢尾花,是早春盛开的花朵,与雪花莲,雪中的荣耀和番红花一起盛开,早于郁金香。有时被称为矮鸢尾花,这些植物的轮廓比其他花朵和艳丽的花朵小。 

根茎鸢尾

Rhizome type 虹膜es or rhizome 虹膜es grow horizontally underground or partially underground and produce new shoots. They have overlapping, sword-like leaves. 

Rhizome 虹膜es can further be divided into three main groups depending on their flower characteristics: bearded 虹膜, beardless 虹膜, and crested 虹膜. Learn about these different 虹膜 flower types below. 

胡须鸢尾花:

胡须鸢尾花

不可否认,有胡子的鸢尾或德国鸢尾是最受欢迎的鸢尾花类型。除了其易于生长的特性外,这种着名的根茎虹膜类别还提供了多种颜色的花朵,例如红色,橙色,黄色,蓝色,紫色,棕色,白色,黑色和粉红色。

鸢尾花有四个主要部分:标准花,秋天花,柱头皮瓣和独特的胡须–这是其他类型的鸢尾花所缺乏的。实际上,胡须只是沿着瀑布中央或下部花瓣的柔软毛发。 

The bearded rhizome 虹膜es can further be classified into different sub-categories depending on their stature: tall bearded, intermediate bearded, short bearded, miniature bearded, and border bearded. 

无须鸢尾花:

无须鸢尾花

与有胡子的鸢尾花不同,无胡子的鸢尾花缺少胡须。他们跌倒的时候没有柔软的头发,但确实有所谓的“信号”。信号在瀑布的顶部显示明亮的颜色,这有助于这种鸢尾花吸引蜜蜂。  

Some of the most prominent beardless 虹膜es are the water-loving Japanese 虹膜 (Iris kaempferi) 和 Siberian 虹膜 (I. sibirica).

凤头鸢尾花:

凤头鸢尾花

凤头虹膜可能是根茎虹膜中最不常见的类型。与根茎虹膜的前两种分类不同,它们既没有胡须,也没有信号。取而代之的是,它们的特征是凸起的组织,称为山脊或鸡冠而不是胡须或信号。 


Your guide to picking the 完善 虹膜 flowers

Iris 花Symbolism - How to pick the best 虹膜 flowers for every gifting occasion

如果不是因为鸢尾花的独特魅力,它就不会成为最广为人知的礼品花之一。虹膜不仅有多种形式和尺寸可供选择,而且还呈现出多种迷人的色彩,这些色彩会迅速使您想起春天的美丽。 

一朵鸢尾花或一束五颜六色的花朵是照亮任何人的肯定方法’的一天。但是找到“perfect”鸢尾花?哦,可能有点挑战吧?采摘鸢尾花作为礼物时,需要考虑以下几点:场合,您要传达的信息,颜色背后的符号和含义以及您与受赠人的关系水平。这里’关于鸢尾花颜色的含义和符号的快速指南。 


鸢尾花的含义,象征和颜色

名字“iris”源自希腊语,该希腊语翻译为“rainbow,” which is only fitting considering the plenty of 虹膜 flower colors available. It also refers to the Greek goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the Olympian gods, Iris. 

鸢尾花是官方的诞生花 二月.  

在 the language of flowers, the 虹膜 flower generally symbolizes eloquence, hope, 智慧,沟通和信念。一方面,这朵花的不同颜色传达了不同的含义。 

蓝色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

蓝色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

Not many flowers are accessible in their true blue colors, but 虹膜es are one of the few that naturally and profusely produce blue hues. Because of such, blue 虹膜 flowers are the most used color in 虹膜 bouquets. 

蓝色鸢尾花是信仰和希望的已知象征。在某些国家,特别是在欧洲,它们代表特许权使用费。想用鸢尾花使您的妻子感到惊讶吗?然后,确保包括蓝色鸢尾花,让她感觉像个女王。 

在 ancient Egypt, blue 虹膜 flowers signify power. 在 Japan, they denote heroism since the blue color refers to blue blood. 

Recommended occasions to gift blue 虹膜 flowers:

  • 生日
  • 结婚周年
  • 订婚
  • 只是因为
  • 祝你好运

紫色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

紫色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

Another famed 虹膜 flower color is purple. A purple 虹膜 often signifies wisdom and compliment, but because of the close resemblance of purple to blue, it also symbolizes royalty. 

A bouquet of purple 虹膜 suits almost any celebration, but it is commonly gifted for birthday celebrations. Send purple flowers to someone celebrating a birthday and make her birthday even more special. 

Besides, purple 虹膜 flowers are considered as the 25周年结婚纪念日花. So if you are (or you know someone) celebrating 25 years of a wonderful marriage, then these alluring 虹膜 blooms are the 完善 flower for that special event. 

Recommended occasions to gift purple 虹膜 flowers:

  • 生日
  • 第一次约会
  • 25周年结婚纪念日
  • 周年纪念日
  • 母亲’s Day

黄色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

黄色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

康乃馨等其他黄色花朵则带有负面含义,而黄色鸢尾花则象征着激情。如果您想将鲜花作为礼物送给同事,同事或雇主,以感谢您的工作和工作场所,这些鲜花是您最安全的选择。 

Yellow 虹膜 flowers also symbolize pride and hope, which make them the go-to flower for someone celebrating achievements or for graduations. 

The bright yellow hues will surely lift up anyone’s mood, which makes yellow 虹膜es the 完善 flower to send your friends and families your wishes for a fast recovery.

Recommended occasions to gift yellow 虹膜 flowers:

  • 应届毕业生
  • 职位晋升
  • 只是因为
  • 祝早日康复

白色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

白色鸢尾花的含义和象征意义

White 虹膜 flowers are ideal for bridal bouquets not only because they are elegant-looking, but also because these blooms signify purity or a pure heart just like most white flowers. 

A bouquet of elegant white 虹膜es also suits a sympathy message or get well wishes. Send white 虹膜es to someone who unfortunately just lost a loved one, or to wish friends and families a speedy recovery. 

Recommended occasions to gift white 虹膜 flowers:

  • 祝早日康复
  • 同情
  • 周年纪念日
  • 婚宴

购买虹膜时要考虑的提示

Tips to consider when buying 虹膜 flowers

Here are several things to look for when buying 虹膜 flowers:

  • Look for 虹膜 flowers that are in their ‘pencil tip’ stage or when a line of color outlines the sheathing leaves. 
  • Avoid 虹膜es with brown petal tips and unopened, soft blooms. 
  • Since floral qualities vary depending on their varieties, ask the variety of 虹膜 flowers you’re getting. Pick one that suits your location best. 
  • 避免绽放黄色叶子的花朵。这可能是处理不当,存储不当或植物不健康的迹象。 

What other flowers go well with 虹膜es? 

虹膜 are famed cut flowers 完善 in floral arrangements like bouquets, centerpieces, and even corsages. They look 完善ly attractive to send alone, but they look as equally gorgeous with other cut flowers. 一些最常见的切花通常在花束中与鸢尾花混合,是郁金香和观星百合。  

一个例子是蓝色鸢尾花与红色郁金香混合在一起,形成鲜明对比。或蓝色鸢尾花与黄色的占星师百合花,如诗如画的安排。其他花朵(例如传统的白色雏菊和迷你康乃馨)可以使外观更加完美。 

For an elegant arrangement, combine 虹膜es with white roses and lilies with magnolia leaves. Or integrate purple 虹膜es into a bouquet of purple carnations and statice stems for a romantic arrangement. 


如何照顾鸢尾花

如何照顾鸢尾花

鸢尾花立即为花束或任何花卉布置增添异国情调和独特外观– and this makes them a florist favorite. Their distinctive shapes make them one-of-a-kind 和 完善 form flowers in floral designs. Iris are also great line flowers to accentuate a floral arrangement. 

When ordering 虹膜 flower delivery, typically, the 虹膜 flowers will last 5 to 7 days if taken care of properly. Here are some useful 虹膜 flower care tips to maximize the attractiveness of these blooms:

  • As quickly as you get home with fresh cuts of 虹膜es, place the wrapped flowers in water to hydrate them while you get a vase ready. 
  • Place 虹膜es in a clean vase with clean water. 
  • You can add a packet of flower food to extend 虹膜es’ bloom life. 
  • 在倾斜的位置将茎重新切成所需的长度,以吸收水分。茎短意味着更多的水分吸收。 
  • 去除淹没在水下的任何树叶,因为它只会腐烂并可能促进水中细菌的聚集。 
  • 虹膜是干渴的花朵,因此要经常检查水并根据需要添加更多的水。 
  • 定期换水。换水时,请确保也通过仔细冲洗来清洁茎杆。您也可以在水下将茎重新修剪以吸收水分。  

植物花草网’花草指南:

寻找特定茎或在某些情况下需要一些灵感来盛开最好的花朵? 查看Petal Republic的专家购买指南,以了解 玫瑰花 , , 百合花, 虹膜, 郁金香, 兰花花, 康乃馨, 非洲菊雏菊, 剑兰牡丹.  


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